Prostate cancer is a disease that takes place in the male reproductive system. This cancer is very fashionable as probably the most reasons behind death in the usa.
The prostate itself is responsible for creation of semen. Anatomically, the prostate gland is situated between the bladder and rectum, so sometimes in diagnosed the condition we must have finger rectal examination besides PSA blood test.
Early symptoms of prostate cancer nearly often overlooked, as it is usually without symptoms. This is certainly one answer for the question why this in most cases present in men aged 50 years and also the normally diagnosed within the seventies. Indeed consistent with the age, symptom which was not visible is going to be visible. a common complaint expressed by people with the illness is pain, especially when you urinate, sometimes you will found bleeding in urination, and the actual existence of ere-ctile dysfunction.
The proper diagnosis of prostate cancer is taken through physical examination or with a blood test named PSA. This Prostate Specific Antigen, is the antigen when it contained in someone`s blood, a doctor will suspect him suffer the cancer. Later the suspicions of prostate specific antigen will probably be confirmed if you take a tissue biopsy.
Appropriate prostatitis treatment for prostate cancer remains to be under debate. Treatment solutions vary, based on the stage. During the early stages can be utilized prostatectomy (elimination of prostate) and radiation therapy. If prostate cancer has spread, hormonal manipulation can be achieved (reduce testosterone levels through the removing of drugs or even the testis) or chemotherapy.
1. Radical prostatectomy (removing of the prostate gland).
Often performed on stage cancer A and B. The process is long and it is usually performed under general anesthesia or spinal. An incision is created from the abdomen or perineal area, and the patient was required to undergo hospital cure for 5-7 days. Complications that could happen is that impo-tence and incontinence uri. In patients that are still active love life, can be achieved Potency-sparing radical prostatectomy.
2. Orkiektomi (removal of the testes, castration).
Appointment of two testes have decreased testosterone levels, but this process causes physical and psychological effects that will stop being tolerated by the patients. Orkiektomi is an effective treatment, will not require re-treatment, in comparison with cheaper drugs and after undergoing orkiektomi patient failed to need prostatitis treatment. Orkiektomi usually done in the cancer which had spread.
Radiation therapy used primarily to deal with cancer of A, B and C. Usually if the danger of surgical treatment is too much, then do radiation therapy. Radiation therapy on the prostate gland can be done in several ways:
1. External radiation therapy performed in hospitals without the need to undergo hospitalization. Side effects such as decreased appetite, fatigue, skin reactions (such as redness and irritation), injury or burns to the rectum, diarrhea, cystitis (bladder infection) and hematuria. External radiation treatments are usually done up to five times / week for 6-8 weeks.
2. Transplant iodine beads, gold or iridium radioactive entirely on prostate tissue by way of a small incision. The main benefit of this particular type of radiation therapy is that radiation is directed directly to the prostate with tissue damage within the surrounding smaller.
1. Hormonal manipulation
The goal is to reduce the degree of testosterone. Reduction in testosterone levels are often extremely effective in preventing the increase and spread of cancer. Hormonal manipulation is primarily accustomed to alleviate symptoms without curing prostate cancer, namely cancer in patients who have been spreading.
Synthetic drug whose function resembles luteinizing hormone Releasing Hormone (LHRH), the greater commonly used to take care of advanced prostate cancer. An example is definitely the lupron or zoladeks.
These drugs suppress the development of stimulating the testes to testosterone (this is called chemical castration as it offers the same result with removing the testes). Drugs given as injections, usually every 3 months. One side effects are vomiting and nausea, flushed face, anemia, protatitis and impo-tence.
Other drugs utilized for hormonal treatment therapy is androgen inhibitor (eg flutamid), which function to avoid the attachment of testosterone on prostate cells. The side effects are impot-ence, liver disorders, diarrhea, and gynecomastia (enlarged breasts).
Chemotherapy is normally employed to treat signs of prostate cancer is proof against hormonal therapy. Usually given one particular drug or mix of several drugs to destroy cancer cells.
Drugs that may utilized to treat prostate cancer is:
The side effects vary and depend on the drugs given. You should carefully consider the benefits and negative effects of both treatments to get the 3d prostate treatment options that suited together with you.